Camber Castle in Sussex was originally built by Sir Edward Guldeford to defend
the old Rye and Winchelsea harbour which was known as the Chambre(Camber) located
in the Tillingham valley and into the Romney Marsh near East Guldeford . Started in
1512 Sir Edward built a circular tower on a shingle spit which jutted out from Winchelsea.
The area was an important harbour for the south coast and the Cinque Ports as it was protected
by the surrounding hills from the storms of the Channel. At this time many goods were imported
here and shipped locally, these included french wines which were mostly sold on from Winchelsea .
In 1539 Henry VIII decided to double the height of the circular tower and add further gun
terraces to defend against attacks from France and Spain who had signed a peace treaty in 1538.
The castle was completed in 1544 and by this time it had 4 bastions with different
level gun decks. In 1637 the garrison was disbanded and the fort abandoned as the silting of
the Camber made the fort and harbour obsolete.
The building was made from local sandstone quarried in Hastings and Fairlight and possibly from
stones from buildings in Winchelsea . The light colour of the outer walls were created by
finishing in limestone probably imported from France.
Opening times are listed on
Who also publish a very nice booklet called "Camber Castle - A look into the past of Henry VIII's
castle" well worth buying if you want to know more.
Finally another reference book you can get from Amazon.